2016 awards recipients
Coppi Bruno (Italy, US)
The East European Section of the European Scientific-Industrial Chamber has awarded Prof. Bruno Coppi of the MIT (USA) Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for his fundamental contributions to theoretical plasma physics, space plasmas and magnetic fusion. At the MIT, he initiated the Alcator Program, which led to the development of Russian-American Ignitor program that aims at building near Moscow a fusion reactor with Coppi as the principal investigator for the project. In addition Coppi is taking a leading role in the Frascati Torus Program in Italy.
In 1987 Coppi received the James Clerk Maxwell Prize in Plasma Physics and also the Award of Excellence in Plasma Physics from the American Physical Society. He is a member of American Academy of Arts and Sciences (since 1976) and the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a fellow of the American Physical Society. He received the American Dante Alighieri Prize, the Science Prize of the Italian government, the science and technology prize from Italgas, and the gold medal of the Milan Polytechnic Institute. He was knighted Great Officer of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Italy.
Levchenko Andre (US)
The East European Section of the European Scientific-Industrial Chamber has awarded Prof. Levchenko Andre of the Yale University (USA) Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for his fundamental contributions to systems biology, signal transduction and cell-cell communication. Prof. Levchenko has received important results in micro- and nano-fabrication and stem cell engineering. His awards include the American Asthma Foundation Early Excellence Award and the Fellowship of the American Institute for Medical and Biological Engineering.
Novoselov Kostya (Russia, UK)
The East European Section of the European Scientific-Industrial Chamber has awarded Prof Kostya Novoselov Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for the discovery of graphene and its applications in electronics, photonics, composite materials, chemistry, etc. Previous awards include the Nicholas Kurti European Science Prize the Europhysics Prize for discovering and isolating a single free-standing atomic layer of carbon (graphene) and elucidating its remarkable electronic properties, Nobel Prize in Physics, jointly with Andre Geim, «for groundbreaking experiments regarding the material graphene and other.
Batista Victor Salvador (US)
The European Scientific-Industrial has awarded Prof. Victor Salvador Batista of Yale University Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for the establishment of rigorous quantum mechanical approaches for describing equilibrium and dynamical properties of complex quantum systems used in studies of quantum mechanical processes involved in light harvesting mechanisms in semiconductor materials (e.g., functionalized TiO2) and biological molecules (e.g., rhodopsin). These studies aim at unravelling the nature of molecular mechanisms responsible for the efficient detection and utilization of photon energy, advance our understanding of the primary photochemical event in the vertebrate vision process, and to examine the potential application of laser coherences to control photo-transduction dynamics.
Desai Padma B. (India, US)
The East European Section of the European Scientific-Industrial Chamber has awarded Prof. Desai Padma B. Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for fundamental contributions to emerging market economies. She has gained a worldwide recognition for her studies of transition, globalization and exposures to financial crises. Professor Desai was elected member of the prestigious PEN America Chapter (which has 600+ members) consisting of academics, writers, historians, novelists and poets. Professor Desai has combined her scholarly activity with frequent writings in the New York Times, the Financial Times, and the Wall Street Journal, and appearances on the MacNeil-Lehrer News Hour, CNN, BBC, Debates-Debates, Jim Lehrer News Hour, and the Charlie Rose Show.
Appelquist Thomas (US)
The European Scientific-Industrial has awarded Prof. Thomas Appelquist of Yale University Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for fundamental contributions to theoretical high energy physics. Among his contributions are his work predicting the existence of the J/Psi particle, the formulation of the decoupling theorem in quantum field theory, the study of quantum effects in Kaluza-Klein theories, the development of the electroweak chiral lagrangian, the proposal of walking technicolor theories, the idea of universal extra dimensions, and the study of conformal symmetry in gauge field theories using lattice simulations.
Aprile Elena (Italy, US)
The European Scientific-Industrial has awarded Prof. Elena Aprile of the Columbia University Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for fundamental contributions to understanding of Dark Matter through a direct detection experiment, named XENON. The existence of Dark Matter is undisputed, yet its nature remains mysterious and unexplained. The explanation is likely to involve physics beyond the standard model of particle physics (BSM). Weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) are one class of dark matter candidates, naturally predicted in BSM theories. WIMPs direct detection experiments such as XENON aim to measure the signals produced in a detector on Earth as a result of a WIMP-nucleon scattering. To be sensitive to such rare events, an experiment must rely on a very large target mass, extremely low background and effective signal-to-noise discrimination. XENON used liquid xenon as WIMP target and detection medium in a 3D position sensitive Time Projection Chamber (TPC). With TPCs of increasing mass and reduced background, the XENON project has been at the forefront of direct detection experiments worldwide.
Altshuler Boris (Russia, US)
The East European Section of the European Scientific-Industrial has awarded Prof. Boris Altshuler of the Columbia University Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for fundamental contributions to condensed matter physics of electrons in metals, semiconductors and superconductors, Quantum transport in disordered systems, quantum nanodevices and quantum chaos. Previous awards include: Fellow, American Physical Society, Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Member, National Academy of Sciences.
Frye Timothy (US)
The East European Section of the European Scientific-Industrial has awarded Marshall D. Shulman Prof. Timothy Frye of the Columbia University Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for fundamental contributions to comparative politics and political economy with a focus on the former Soviet Union and Eastern Europe. He is the author of Brokers and Bureaucrats: Building Markets in Russia, which won the 2001 Hewett Prize from the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies, and Building States and Markets after Communism: The Perils of Polarized Democracy. Among other projects, he is working on a book manuscript, Property Rights and Property Wrongs: Institutions and Economic Development in Russia. He has worked as a consultant for the World Bank, the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, and the U.S. Agency for International Development. He is also Director of the Center for the Study of Institutions and Development at State Research University-Higher Economics School, Moscow.
Tirole Jean (France)
The European Scientific-Industrial has awarded Prof. Jean Tirole of the Toulouse School of Economics Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for fundamental contributions to the analysis of market power and the regulation of natural monopolies. Tirole received the inaugural BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in the Economics, Finance and Management category in 2008, the Public Utility Research Center Distinguished Service Award (University of Florida) in 1997, and the Yrjö Jahnsson Award of the Yrjö Jahnsson Foundation and the European Economic Association in 1993. He is a foreign honorary member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1993) and of the American Economic Association (1993). He has also been a Sloan Fellow (1985) and a Guggenheim Fellow (1988). He was a fellow of the Econometric Society in 1986 and an Economic Theory Fellow (Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory) in 2011. In 2007 he was awarded the highest award (the Gold Medal or médaille d’or) of the French CNRS.
Akasaki Isamu (Japan)
The European Scientific-Industrial has awarded Prof. Isamu Akasaki of Meijo University Diploma di Merito and Gold Medal for fundamental contributions to semiconductor technologies. Lighting plays a major role in our quality of life. The development of light-emitting diodes (LEDs) has made more efficient light sources possible. Creating white light that can be used for lighting requires a combination of red, green, and blue light. Blue LEDs proved to be much more difficult to create than red and green diodes. During the 1980s and 1990s Isamu Akasaki, Hiroshi Amano, and Shuji Nakamura successfully used the difficult-to-handle semiconductor gallium nitride to create efficient blue LEDs. Prof. Isamu won the Nobel Prize in 2014.
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